Validating utf 8
Think of yourself as a contributing factor to a future coding accident.If you really want to omit braces, then put the statement on the same line, so that there is no possibility of misinterpretation.Given an array of integers representing the data, return whether it is a valid utf-8 encoding. Only the least significant 8 bits of each integer is used to store the data.This means each integer represents only 1 byte of data.The next byte is a continuation byte which starts with 10 and that's correct. Once you are happy with your solution, add the other requirements: 1. This can be done by: After this you just need to do the checks in the question, the way the question is laid out.But the second continuation byte does not start with 10, so it is invalid. Every code point must be represented in the shortest possible way, for example code points ≤ 127 must not use two bytes. First you check if it's a correct single byte, that you done.My hope was that by placing them into a byte array, the Charset Decoder would throw an exception, when it encountered them. My hand calculations based on produce the same results as your code.The exception that I was expecting would be related to an unmappable character. The resulting output is a "replacement character" according to the referenced website. It does look to me sort of like something used a faulty decoding to produce the U FFFD character (which is often the output of charset decoding when it doesn't know what to do), and then encoded that (correctly) into the UTF-8 string you have there.
= 0: successive_10 -= 1 if not b.startswith('10'): return False elif b == '1': successive_10 = len(b.split('0')) - 1 return True So use the right tool for the right job, Python is not C and what is fastest is not what you might expect (so you should not write in Python like you would write in C), and it is better to use it as a prototype language or where performance is not critical.To go further, you could make such a function return something more informative than just a boolean./** * Returns the number of UTF-8 characters, or -1 if the array * does not contain a valid UTF-8 string.and checks whether it represents a valid UTF-8 byte sequence, according to this table. So far it has worked fine with my tests, but I'm worried that I might be missing some edge case, or that the way I'm handling byte bytes1 = ; println(validate(bytes1)); // true byte bytes2 = ; println(validate(bytes2)); // true byte bytes3 = ; println(validate(bytes3)); // false byte bytes4 = ; println(validate(bytes4)); // false Coder Result result = Standard Charsets.UTF_8Decoder()Malformed Input(Coding Error Action. REPORT).on Unmappable Character(Coding Error Action. REPORT).decode(Byte Buffer.wrap(bytes To Test), Char Buffer.allocate(1024), true); Never omit the optional braces like that.
= (NUMBER_OF_BITS_PER_BLOCK - 1) if number == 0: # single byte char index = 1 continue # validate multi-byte char number_of_ones = 0 while True: # get the number of significant ones number = data[index] & (2 ** (7 - number_of_ones)) number MAX_NUMBER_OF_ONES: return False # too much ones per char sequence if number_of_ones == 1: return False # there has to be at least 2 ones index = 1 # move on to check the next byte in a multi-byte char sequence # check for out of bounds and exit early if index I've always being struggling to remember the bit manipulation tricks and tried to solve this problem without looking them up - hence, I think the code is overloaded with left and right shifts and power of two multiplications. After this you can find the amount that you need to loop through, do the checks on this number, and go on to loop through minus one items, and check if they're ok.